News Flash

Wright County News

Posted on: March 3, 2021

USDA Releases Row Crop Yield Estimates for 2020

The final estimates from the United States Department of Agriculture for row crops yields are now available. These estimates include corn and soybeans, the two most common crops in Wright County and Minnesota. In general, growing conditions in 2020 were very good, and the yields reflect that.

Corn:

Wright County’s average yield for corn for grain was 203.2 bushels per acre (bu/ac), about 11 bushels higher than the state average of 192 bu/ac. 14 other counties also reported corn yields higher than 200 bu/ac. Wright County also outperformed all neighboring counties on a per acre basis (includes Carver, Hennepin, McLeod, Meeker, Sherburne, and Stearns counties). Carver County was closest, coming in at 201.2 bu/ac.

Wright County farmers planted 77,700 acres of corn in 2020, with the majority of those harvested for grain. About 5,000 acres of corn was harvested for silage or other purposes. In total, it’s estimated that roughly 14.7 million bushels of corn was harvested in Wright County in 2020.

Yield by county: https://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Minnesota/Publications/County_Estimates/2021/MN-CtyEst-Corn-02-21.pdf 

Soybeans:

Wright County’s average soybean yield for 2020 was 53.6 bu/ac. That’s about 4 bu/ac higher than the state average of 49 bu/ac. Of the surrounding counties, only Carver County (57.2 bu/ac) outperformed Wright County on a per acre basis.

Wright County farmers planted 73,200 acres of soybeans in 2020 and harvested a total of roughly 3.9 million bushels.

Yield by county: https://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Minnesota/Publications/County_Estimates/2021/MN-CtyEst-Soybeans-02-21.pdf 

Crop value:

Corn and soybean cash prices have been strong so far in 2021. There are many reasons for this, but a big one is strong international demand from countries like China. On March 1st, 2021, corn was trading for $5.50/bushel (bu), while soybeans were trading for $14/bu. To accurately estimate the value of corn and soybeans crops received by farmers in this area, a basis of $0.40/bushel was used to adjust the prices ($5/bu and $13.50/bu, respectively).

Using these prices and the total number of bushels harvested by Wright County farmers, a simple calculation can be made to estimate the cash value of corn for grain and soybeans in the area. In 2020, farmers in Wright County produced roughly $73.5 million worth of corn and $52.5 million worth of soybeans. It’s important to note that prices were much lower in late 2020, so farmers that sold their harvest months ago likely received a smaller reward than this example shows.

Questions about this topic can be directed to Adam Austing at 320-249-5929 or aausting@umn.edu. This information, as well as much more data, can be found at the United States Department of Agriculture - National Agricultural Statistics Service website: www.nass.usda.gov.

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